Since the 1990’s, size and nature of animal industry has been changing rapidly. Commercial dairy and poultry farming started recognizing as one of the most potential sectors for local and foreign investment. Livestock and poultry as a contributor to food security and nutrition has become one of the most important agenda for the policy makers and development partners. Rapid urbanization and changes of food habit among the city dwellers has been accelerated bringing about the changes in food industry with a gradual demand in academic reforms and expansion in need for developing technology and more skilled manpower in animal health, food processing and marketing. The need of Bangladesh in the past and at present has been to increase the productivity of farm animal and the purpose of having veterinary graduates is still largely determined by the need of the small holding livestock farmers. However, this reality was apparently ignored during the second change in veterinary education in Bangladesh. One of the causes of this narrow-based curricula approach for a professional education like veterinary medicine may be that the drive and energy for this change came primarily from the internal agendas of the academic community rather than from the external agendas of the wider society or the world of work. As a result, a strong debate was generated among professional bodies, government agencies and farmers community to bring new changes in veterinary education. While these debate countries, little or no change occurred in the higher education in veterinary medicine until the beginning of 1990s.